: In 1519, when the Spanish arrived in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the Mexicas believed they were gods then they welcomed them in the best way possible, giving them food and lodging. But war broke out, when the Spanish attacked the Mexicas while they were preparing a party for them. Began a war that ended with the fall of Mexico-Tenochtitlan in 1521. In 1521 Mexico was a Spanish colony, and bore the name of New Spain. In 1810-1821 Mexico won independence from Spain. But Spain not recognized the independence of Mexico until 1836.
: Mexico and The United States shares a unique and often complex relationship. The two countries share a maritime and land border in North America. Several treaties have been concluded between the two nations bilaterally, such as the Gadsden Purchase, and multilaterally, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement. The two countries have close economic ties, being each other's first and second largest trading partners. They are also closely connected demographically, with over one million U.S. citizens living in Mexico and Mexico being the largest source of immigrants to the United States.
For more Info: USA-Mexico Relationship: Fun Facts , Foreign relations of Mexico: United States & Mexico–United States relations
: These countries established diplomatic relations for the first time in 1944, during the Second World War, when for the needs of the moment Mexico sent food, oil and industrial raw materials to Canada.
Formal relations did not begin until 1944, at the height of the Second World War, which both countries participated in on the Allied side. Prior to the negotiations around the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), economic and political ties between Mexico and Canada were relatively weak. Since NAFTA has come into force, the two countries have become much more important to each other. Currently, Mexico and Canada are close friends and strategic partners and benefit from a very active bilateral relationship.
For more Info: Canada-Mexico Relationship: Fun Facts, History between Canada & Mexico & Canada–Mexico relations
: In 1826 they signed the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Mexico and the United Kingdom. Thanks to this treaty Mexico not only got a loan of money, which would later become debt nightmare, but increased European interest in Mexico. Although Britain had no expansionist interests specifically with Mexico, during the first years of independence, was the main trading partner of Mexico. Also intervened repeatedly to mediate between Mexico and France and the U.S., and after the Conservative defeat in the War of Reform, as a participant in conspiracies against liberal governments. Thus Britain was part in the alliance with Spain and France (supported by the latest) to invade Mexico, and that it had suspended the payment of foreign debt. And despite having withdrawn its troops from Veracruz, weakened his relationship with Mexico, ending the "good" relationship between the British Isles and the troubled Mexico in the first half of the nineteenth century.
For more Info: History Between Britain-Mexico, Fan Facts abour Britain-Mexico relationship, Mexico–United Kingdom relations & Foreign relations of Mexico: United Kingdom.
: Since 1808, year of the invasion of Spain by Napoleon, he demonstrated a clear interest in the colony of New Spain, undoubtedly influenced by the legend of Mexican wealth spread in European circles. When Mexico achieved its independence in 1821, France was one of the first countries to join informal relations with Mexico, from 1824. France will be the country that will be more demanding than any other nation in negotiating the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation. France signing of the treaty to stand, like Great Britain, as "most favored nation" for Mexico. During the early years of their diplomatic relations, Mexico and France were not always on friendly terms, particularly with the beginning of the Pastry War, known also as the 'first French intervention' in Mexico; where France invaded Mexico in order to collect re-compensation for property damaged and or looted by Mexican forces. During the war, France blockaded Mexican ports thus crippling the economy. Again in December 1861, France invaded Mexico on a pretext that Mexico had refused to pay its foreign debt, this became known as the Second French Intervention in Mexico. After a successful French invasion of Mexico, France's boss installed his Austrian cousin as a puppet monarch in 1864. This man was to be known as Maximilian I of Mexico of the House of Habsburg. For several years, Mexican rebels fought against French and royalist troops.
: Mexico was in charge of Cuba, like the Philippines, during the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1902, Mexico became the first country to ever recognize and establish relations with the Republic of Cuba once it gained full sovereignty. Mexico thereafter maintained diplomatic relations with Cuba, when none of the other Latin American governments recognized Cuba's revolutionary regime until after 1970. The cultural ties between the two nations became stronger during the following decades. Mexico constantly supported Cuba in international organizations and multilateral forums, and strongly opposed to the economic embargo imposed to the Caribbean island in the early 1960s.
: Diplomatic relations between Mexico and Germany were established on 23 January 1879 after the unification of Germany. In January 1917, British agents intercepted a telegram sent to German Ambassador to Mexico. In the telegram, Germany proposed to Mexico that if the United States were to join the war, Mexico should join and side with the Central Powers. In appreciation, and if the Central Powers were to win, Mexico would recuperate the territory of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona that Mexico lost in its war with the United States during the Mexican–American War in 1848. The telegram, known as the Zimmermann Telegram was intercepted when the telegram was being wired to the German embassy in Washington, DC to be re-routed to Mexico City. Mexico eventually rejected the telegram and continued to remain neutral during the war. On 22 May 1942 Mexico declared war on Germany during World War II, after German U-boats destroyed two Mexican oil tankers in the Gulf of Mexico that was carrying crude oil to the United States. Diplomatic relations between the two nations were re-established on 16 April 1952.